Mural Art - Muralism, artists and art
The post-revolutionary Mexico of 1920's stood on the threshold of a new era of relative political stability. Under the presidency Of Alvaro Obregon (1920-24), the government decided that outdoor public art as a visual medium highly accessible to the public could play an important role in restring nationhood shaken by civil war. It commissioned Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros to paint a series of murals on public buildings. Their works validated pre-conquest indigenous culture, revolutionary symbolism and introduced a new visual language that represented social and national themes, religious motifs and a pro-Hispanic world view. In general, they works reflected the government's nationalistic sentiments and initialised artistic movement which became known as Mexican Mural Renaissance which denounced European influence and instead celebrated Mexican heritage from early Mesoamerica through the Revolution. Correspondingly, Mexican artists were urged to step away from easel painting because it was aristocratic and to express their ideas in a monumental form of wall painting accessible to the masses.