Abstract Art

(style, -present)

Abstract art is a style of art where there is no definite image of what the artist is depicting but rather gives an illusion of the perceived reality. It is often drawn simply or can be exaggerated depending on what the artist want to show. What makes abstract art great is the fact that it is independent by nature. It does not follow any style or that of the usual techniques like other artists do. This is the reason why a lot of people love it.

There are three major types of abstract art and they are the neoplasticism, cubism and abstract expressionism. A lot of artists rose to fame because of abstract art, such artists include Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who were most known for cubism. Piet Mondrian was also known for neoplasticism and Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock were known for abstract expressionism.

Among Pablo Picasso’s abstract art paintings are: Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, Still Life with a Bottle of Rum and The Poet. On the other hand, Georges Braque paintings are: Femme tenant une Mandoline, La Tasse (The Cup), and the Nature Morte (The Pedestal Table.) Piet Mondrian’s works are: Composition with Yellow, Blue, and Red, and the Composition No. 10. Mark Rothko’s works include, Four Darks in Red and Untitled (Black on Grey.) Jackson Pollock’s works include, Shimmering Substance, Convergence and the Easter and the Totem.

There is no definite time indicated on when abstract art started or discovered. This is because even in the earliest civilizations, abstract art was prevalent already. For instance, in the Chinese culture, much of the calligraphy and the paintings can’t be read or cannot depict any exact image, yet those works of art where appreciated especially for decorative purposes. Abstraction was not only visible in the painting and decorative items of the Chinese but they are also visible in the textiles that they were using.

The same thing goes for the Islamic calligraphy, they were often unreadable yet a lot of people appreciated them for decorative purposes as they were good to look at. A lot of cultures in the ancient times have used abstraction as a form of art.

However, abstract art was developed because of the various artists who did paintings of such kind. The conceptualization of this kind of art evolved up to the contemporary and modern times. For instance, the Post-Modernism of abstract art started around the mid-1970s. At present, abstract art is made using the 3D or three-dimensional style. Fantasy abstraction is also popular these days and for some, because of the evolution of technology, abstract art can also be done using computer and other electronic gadgets.

Perhaps, what sets apart to the beauty of abstract art is the fact that it represents something unique. More often, it makes the viewer get out of the reality and think of something unusual or even elusive. With abstract art, either the geometric patterns can be out of the ordinary or even the colors can be changed so anything unrecognizable.

Wassily-Kandinsky Abstract Art
To let the eye stray over a palette, splashed with many colours, produces a dual result. In the first place one recieves a purely physical impression, one of pleasure and contentment at th varied and beautiful colours. The eye is either warmed or else soothed and cooled. But these physical sensations can only be of a short duration. They are merely superfycial and leave no lasting impression, for the soul is unaffected. But although the effect of the colours is forgotten when the eye turned away, the superfycial impression of varied colour may be the starting point of a whole chain of related sensations.
Wassily Kandinsky
“father of abstract art”.

The abstract artists:
Abstract Expressionism, Arte Povera, Constructivism, de Stijl,
Hard Edge, Moscow Conceptualism, Op Art, Minimal Art, Zero.

“What is abstract art good for? What’s the use—for us as individuals, or for any society—of

Pictures of Nothing, of paintings and sculptures or prints or drawings that do not seem to show anything except themselves?”

A radical new generation of American abstract painters has emerged in the twenty-first century. Abstract AmericaWhereas their predecessors advanced abstraction in the shadow of the Cold War, this new generation arose at the cusp of the transition to the digital era and is marked by the traumatic events surrounding 9/11 and its ongoing social and political aftermath. In these shifting times the artist’s alter ego might well be the DJ—brushstrokes are replaced by “riffs” while “old school” palettes are discarded for “Teletubby purple” or “bubble gum pink”. This is the age of “the remix” where raw material is downloaded and “Photoshopped”. Contemporary artists have irony at their disposal and switch to tie-dye aesthetics or psychedelia as fast as they can quote Malevich.


Piet Mondrian: 1872-1944; Structures in Space
Less is often more – such is Piet Mondrian’s approach to art. His main pictorial elements are horizontals and verticals, his preferred colours yellow, red and blue. Throughout his life, Mondrian (1872-1944) applied these simple elements in his quest for “universal harmony”. This publication in the Taschen Basic Art Series presents an extra-ordinary painter and art theoretician whose influence on architects and designers is as profound today as it ever was.
Piet Mondrian biography and resources
An iconic figure in the history of modern art, the Russian painter Kazimir Malevich (1879-1935) was the creator of Suprematism, best known for his emblematic Black Square (1915). Censored in Russia for many years, his revolutionary writings were only recognised at the end of the twentieth century, initially in Western Europe. Similarly, much of his work remained unknown until the fall of Communism; little studied, the life and work of this painter remain shrouded in an aura of mystery. Andrei Nakov’s monumental 4-volume study of this prophetic artist is founded on many decades of research in Russia, Western Europe and the US.Kasimir Malevich biography and resources
Pioneering work by the great modernist painter, considered by many to be the father of abstract art and a leader in the movement to free art from traditional bonds. Kandinsky’s provocative thoughts on color theory and the nature of art. Analysis of Picasso, Matisse, and earlier masters. 12 illustrations.Wassily-Kandinsky
Wassily Kandinsky biography and resources
Mark Rothko
This beautifully produced, oversized monograph on the American artist Mark Rothko, presents over 100 of his works in full-color plates that reveal his remarkable genius. Rothko is one of the towering figures of Abstract Expressionism, and in fact, of 20th-century painting as a whole. His paintings, predominantly in a large format and featuring horizontal layers of pigment on a monochrome foundation, will forever be in our pictorial memory as the epitome of classical modernism…Mark Rothko biography and resources
Jackson Pollock
A wealth of comparative photographs that illustrate paintings by artists Pollock admired further explains the work of this complex, tragic, and immeasurably influential figure. Pollock’s big, bold canvases are reproduced in five colors to convey the brilliance of his network of tones, his aluminum paint, and his sparkling collage materials. Six gatefolds show his vast horizontal works without distortion and a chronology provides a summary of the major events of Pollock’s life.Jackson Pollock biography and resources
Robert Ryman
Hudson’s chapters—”Primer,” “Paint,” “Support,” “Edge,” and “Wall,” named after the most basic elements of the artist’s work—eloquently explore Ryman’s ongoing experiment in what makes a painting a painting. Ryman’s work, Hudson argues, tests the medium’s material and conceptual possibilities. It neither signals the end of painting nor guarantees its continued longevity but keeps the prospect of painting an open question, answerable only through the production of new paintings.Robert Ryman biography and resources
Robert Motherwell
Robert Motherwell, who died in 1991, was the youngest member of the first wave of Abstract Expressionists known as the New York School (a phrase he coined), which also included Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning and Barnett Newman. An articulate writer, Motherwell was pegged early on as the intellectual of the group. Robert Motherwell: Open is the first examination of the painter’s Open series, which preoccupied him from 1967 until the last years of his life. Pared down and minimal, these paintings differ greatly from his more dynamic and monumental Elegies series, for which he is perhaps best known. Containing many previously unpublished paintings as well as works in public collections, this monograph—the most comprehensive and best-illustrated book on Motherwell currently in print—introduces a series of texts by critics and art historians John Yau, Robert Hobbs, Matthew Collings, Donald Kuspit, Robert Mattison, Mel Gooding and Saul Ostrow.Robert Motherwell biography and resources
Gerhard Richter
Startling colors, soft grays, undulating lines and large canvases are the hallmark of Richter’s abstract period. Like all of Richter’s painting, these works defy categorization, reflecting the artist’s own journey towards understanding the world around him, a journey he invites his viewers to share with him.Gerhard Richter biography and resources

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