Conceptual Art

(style, 1960’s-present)

Conceptual Art is a type of modern art based on ideas or concepts and not the actual or physical representation of them. Also referred to as Conceptualism, this rather controversial art form gives precedence over the aesthetic aspect of the art rather than its material depiction. Conceptual Art incorporates a very huge spectrum, which could include primeval painting, postmodern poetry, music, among many others.1

Fountain by Marcel Duchamp

History

All art, (after Duchamp) is conceptual (in nature) because art only exists conceptually. In Conceptual Art, the idea of a work matters more than its physical representation. Dating from the 1960’s, Conceptual Art has its roots in the early 20th century European arts movement called Dada, as well as in the writings on language and meaning by mid-century philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. Conceptual Art marked a major turning point in late 20th-century art. When it emerged in the mid 1960s, it has challenged one’s precepts not only about art, but also about politics, society, and the media. As an international art movement, Conceptual Art covered not only Western Europe and North America. It also encompassed South America, Russia, Eastern Europe, Japan, and China. Its legacy spanned globally, starting from a small local participatory project to a large-scale installation at major museums and biennales.

Influence

Many of the great influences of Conceptual Art are American modern artists whose views on the subject were closely followed. The concept was first discussed by composer and theorist Henry Flynt in his essay bearing the title “Conceptual Art” which was published in 1963. Sol Lewitt followed suit, releasing a very influential work entitled “Sentences on Conceptual Art”. Another top influencer of the Conceptual Art movement is Marcel Duchamp, a 20th century French artist who successfully broke its primacy.2

Give If You Can, Take if You Have To by Jacek Tylicki

Controversies

Being a contemporary or modern art form, the birth of Conceptual Art didn’t go by without any controversies. Conceptual artists who were nominated for the Turner Prize became a subject of ridicule and media backlash. A group of artists who called themselves as the ‘Stuckist’ publicly proclaimed their position against conceptual art, tagging it as boring and unremarkable. Notable artists in the likes of Ivan Massow and Kim Howells also announced their distaste for this particular modern art concept.3

Famous Examples

One of the famous examples of Conceptual Arts is ‘Portrait of Iris Clert’ by Robert Rauschenberg, which is a telegram sent to the Galerie Iris Clert. Another one is ‘Fountain’ by Marcel Duchamp, which is a ready-made urinal. ‘Give If You Can, Take if You Have To’ by Jacek Tylicki is also a well-celebrated conceptual art form. It is a stone sculpture built on Palolem Island, India in 2008.

Portrait of Iris Clert by Robert Rauschenberg

Famous Artists

Aside from the modern artists listed above, the famous names in Conceptual Art are Isidore Isou, Yves Klein, Wolf Vostell, Piero Manzoni, Barrie Bates aka Billy Apple, Christo, George Brecht, Henry Flynts, and Yoko Ono, among others.

References

1 http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/conceptual-art/

2 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/131001/conceptual-art

3 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conceptual_art#Controversy_in_the_UK

Conceptual Artists

Alejandro Cesarco
August 9, 2011 / By The Artists
Otto Berchem
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Luis Camnitzer
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Mark Bain
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Luis Molina-Pantin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Via Lewandowsky
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Lygia Clark
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Katya Sander
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Emily Roysdon
May 4, 2010 / By The Artists
Tadej Pogacar
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Louise Lawler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Erick Duyckaerts
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Marinus Boezem
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Tibor Hajas
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Hamish Fulton
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Da Costa Beatriz
April 24, 2009 / By The Artists
Pavel Buchler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dan Perjovschi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Aleksandra Mir
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Guy Rombouts
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Stephen Willats
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Graciela Carnevale
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Diego Castro
July 22, 2011 / By The Artists
Marcel Duchamp
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Bruce Nauman
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ana Mendieta
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Lydia Dona
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Peter de Cupere
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Cildo Meireles
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Alexandre Singh
May 9, 2012 / By The Artists
Adam Pendleton
May 4, 2010 / By The Artists
Marcel Broodthaers
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Julio Cesar Morales
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Tea Makipaa
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ernst Caramelle
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Mark Lombardi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Willie Doherty
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
MacPherson Robert
April 20, 2009 / By The Artists
Mariana Castillo Deball
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Shusaku Arakawa
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Predrag Pajdic
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Hussein Chalayan
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ron Padgett
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Peter Downsbrough
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Angel Vergara
July 14, 2011 / By The Artists
Hanne Darboven
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Lise Autogena
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Hannah Wilke
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Michael Harvey
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Marcus Ramirez
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
On Kawara
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dora Maurer
March 8, 2012 / By The Artists
Geoff Bunn
February 8, 2010 / By The Artists
Armando Lulaj
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Yoko Ono
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ryan Bown
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Jessica Iapino
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Ian Baxter
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Jan Dibbets
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Duman Alberto
April 18, 2009 / By The Artists
Michael Snow
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Hans Haacke
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Wil Frenken
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Barbara Rosenthal
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Victor Burgin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Superflex group
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Navid Nuur
June 13, 2011 / By The Artists
Yevgeniy Fiks
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Eleanor Antin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Stephen Shanabrook
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
James Ford
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dimitrije Basicevic Mangelos
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Akasegawa Genpei
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Parastou Forouhar
December 17, 2009 / By The Artists
Lawrence Weiner
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Inigo Manglano-Ovalle
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Dana Sederowsky
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Klaus Staeck
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Mierle-Laderman Ukeles
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Bas Jan Ader
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Pilis Alexander
April 16, 2009 / By The Artists
Erick Beltran
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Allan McCollum
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Shai Zakai
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Little Warsaw
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
David Antin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Helio Oiticica
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Gintaras Didziapetris
June 12, 2011 / By The Artists
Kay Rosen
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Lygia Pape
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Kris Martin
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Stephen Yadzinski
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Fernando Picasso
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
George Maciunas
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Noa Tsaushu
June 7, 2009 / By The Artists
Naomi Kashiwagi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Carsten Holler
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Daniel Flahiff
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists
Denis Masi
December 28, 2008 / By The Artists

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