Sculpture is an object made traditionally from stone, clay or wood. Sculptures were made to memorialize kings and queens, leaders and events. As artists became more independent they experimented with subject matter and with materials. Sculptors began making objects out of glass, steel, paper and found objects. A found object sculpture is an object made by manipulating another object and giving it new meaning. Found object sculpture was made by Pablo Picasso, in his work “Still Life with Chair Caning” (1912), in which he pasted a printed image of chair caning onto his canvas. Marcel Duchamp went a step further and created a “ready-made.” In 1917 he exhibited a urinal under the title “Fountain.” Once the everyday object (the urinal) was taken out of its context it was given new meaning.
Since then, but more specifically since 1945, the modern revolution in sculpture has gathered pace. Artists are using everyday objects to create new objects and to comment on context and meaning. Any object used to create a sculpture can still retain the basic elements of sculpture such as monumentality, form and weight .At the Henry Moore Institute, Richard Wentworth (born 1947), a British Sculptor, teacher and curator commented on a sculpture object made out of a cigarette pack. He claimed that cigarette packets folded up under table legs are more monumental than a Henry Moore. Asked why, the artist listed five reasons: Firstly, the scale. Secondly, the fingertip manipulation, thirdly, modesty of both gesture and material, fourth, its absurdity and fifth, the fact that it works. Perhaps this sums up what a sculpture object is.